One of the more common complaints of pet owners is when their pet starts urinating in the house, on clothing or bedding. This problem is very common in both canine and feline medicine. If it is a dog, one of the first questions I often ask is whether the pet is urinating where they sleep or lay, which is more of an involuntary urinary incontinence problem. This behavior is fairly common in dogs as they get older, especially in spayed female dogs.
This problem is usually diagnosed by history, physical exam and ruling out infection by urine analysis. While there are many holistic vet products such as HomeoPet Leaks No More, and others, many of these pets need prescription medications such as Proin to help keep the problem under control.
In feline medicine, urinating outside the litter box is a much more complex problem and usually involves a combination of emotional and/or physical factors. Urine analysis is needed to rule out infection or inflammation and/or crystal formation, as well as careful history to see if there are behavioral factors involved in the urinary issue. After performing a thorough exam, history and urine analysis, a cause and treatment plan can usually be undertaken. If needed, antibiotics can be prescribed, or further testing such as urine culture, X-rays and/or ultrasound should be performed to look at the possibility of urinary tract stones, polyps, or in older pets, tumors. If the workup reveals no medical cause, then behavior modification techniques and products like Comfort Zone for Cats with Feliway can be employed to help solve this frustrating problem in the home.