Giving Your Dog or Cat Cortisone (Prednisone/Prednisolone)
|One of the most commonly prescribed drugs in veterinary medicine is cortisone in various forms. As a powerful anti-inflammatory, cortisone has many clinical uses from reducing symptoms of skin allergies to alleviating symptoms of digestive tract, urinary, musculoskeletal and central nervous system inflammation. Cortisone is also used in various autoimmune diseases, as well as a part of managing many cancer cases. And while cortisone is often quite effective in alleviating symptom discomfort, side effects often make cortisone an undesirable choice for long term use in many cases.|
However, if cortisone is judiciously and appropriately used, most pets can indeed be maintained on long-term cortisone with minimal ill side effects in many cases. When managing such cases it is also desirable to check periodic blood work and urine to monitor for side effects of cortisone. One of the initial most important factors to consider from a safety perspective is the form of cortisone that is used in treating a patient. Long acting injectable formulations such as Depo-Medrol or Vetalog (generic triamcinolone) often have much more powerful negative side effects than short acting oral formulations such as medrol or Prednisone/Prednisolone.
Another benefit of using the oral formulations is that the lowest effective dose can be used in controlling symptoms , tapering doses to as little as every other to every third day dosing. When used in such a fashion many of the undesirable long-term side effects of cortisone can be minimized, and many chronic conditions can be more safely managed long term.