|Whenever a dog is presented to me involving bleeding (from any orfice), it is important to have a complete medical workup at a veterinarian’s office. Whether the pet is bleeding from the nose, mouth, penis, vagina or rectum, a complete history taking and physical exam should always be performed. If there is no trauma in the history and physical/rectal exam does not reveal an obvious cause, a full blood, stool check and urine workup, which may include testing for tick borne diseases, clotting disorders, various immune mediated blood disorders, rodenticide exposure, as well as infections or tumors should be done.|
Once a diagnosis is made, the bleeding pet can then be adequately treated with appropriate stabilization and follow up. Unless the cause is obvious, such as a bleeding toenail, a pet that has a history of bleeding should not be treated by an animal guardian at home without a veterinary medical assessment first.