Intestinal Parasites in Dogs and Cats

Filed under Dr. Dym's Vet Blog

Intestinal parasites are common in dogs and cats.

Intestinal parasites are fairly common in dogs and cats, and can cause varied symptoms from digestive tract signs (including diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal distention,  weight loss along with changes in appetite) to respiratory symptoms (coughing, difficulty breathing).

Most intestinal parasites are not seen visually in the stool samples by owners, and are usually identified by finding their microscopic eggs in a stool check performed by the veterinarian.

Exceptions to this would include tapeworms, which are often identified by the presence of mobile, flat white rice-like segments seen in the stool or near the anal opening or tail base of affected pets.  Clients also occasionally see pets vomit long stringy worms known as roundworms.

Because the most susceptible populations are young puppies and kittens, it is important to not only check stool samples at least twice from the ages of 6 to 16 weeks of age, but also to worm these youngsters with broad-spectrum wormers such as Pyrantel, Strongid or Nemex.   This is especially important when there are young children present in the house, as certain parasites such as roundworms and hookworms may be transmissible to people.

With adult pets, I recommend checking stool samples at least once yearly. Monthly heartworm preventative medications such as Sentinel and Heartguard Plus not only prevent heartworm infestation, but also control and treat many common intestinal worms, which is why it is recommended to keep dogs and cats on these preventatives year-round.  Parasites such as whipworms and Giardia are sometimes difficult to identify in stool samples, so veterinarians will often worm pets for these when clinical symptoms of diarrhea, weight loss or vomiting are present in adult pets.


    Posted December 6, 2011 at 5:24 pm | Permalink


  2. Dr. Michael Dym, VMD veterinarian
    Posted December 6, 2011 at 8:02 pm | Permalink

    Check with 1800petmeds pharmacist Gary Koesten who will likely be able to help out.

  3. Posted March 21, 2012 at 12:53 am | Permalink

    I enjoyed your article a lot. You’ve given me something to think about the next time I run into someone like this women you met on the plane. I try to remind myself that I don’t know what they’ve gone through that day or week and maybe there’s something wrong. Or maybe that’s her personality. If so that’s sad, but you handled it well. Next time I fly I’m going to yell out, “I WANT THE CEREAL!”

  4. Dr. Michael Dym, VMD veterinarian
    Posted March 21, 2012 at 3:08 pm | Permalink

    Thanks for reading and certainly share your positive feedback with friends.

One Trackback

  1. By Canine Parvovirus | PetMeds Blog on April 20, 2012 at 8:32 am

    [...] antibiotics to prevent secondary bacterial infections. Many dogs with parvovirus will also have intestinal parasites as well, which will also need to be treated. Holistic veterinarians will often report great [...]

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