Uveitis in Pets
Uveitis is defined as an inflammation of the inner structures or uvea of the eye, and may include inflammation of the iris, ciliary body and choroids. This condition occurs in both dogs and cats. Clinical signs of uveitis may include squinting and redness of the eyes, inflammation of the cornea or covering of the eyes, as well as the finding of narrowed or constricted pupils. This inflammation is usually mediated by some sort of vascular damage to the eye, which can occur secondary to many diseases. Many of these diseases are systemic diseases of the rest of the body.
Some of these causes may include viral/bacterial infections, cancer, trauma and immune mediated. Diagnosis of uveitis is only made through a proper veterinary ophthalmologic exam. Because of the many above possibilities, a full veterinary workup is usually indicated to determine the underlying cause of the uveitis.
Treatment as well as prognosis will vary depending upon the underlying cause. In many cases where infectious causes have been ruled out, many conventional veterinarians will manage these cases with topical steroid eye drops, and/or non-steroidal anti inflammatory eye drops.